Whether you have a wet basement or a leaky crawl space, having standing water in these spaces is one of the most frustrating problems that you can have as a homeowner in Michigan. Since basements lie underground, water can often leak in after a heavy rain causing tens of thousands of dollars’ worth of damage to your home. A new sump pump is the perfect way to make sure that water leaking into your basement or crawl space is channeled outside of your home to prevent costly damage. Few homeowners have the knowledge or skill to install one of these devices, so it is recommended to use a sump pump installation professional to get the job done right.
Why Should You Use a Sump Pump?
In holder homes, faulty gutters will often not direct water away from your home’s foundation walls. Also, groundwater might seep into your home if your landscape is not graded correctly. Ideally, basement waterproofing is the best way to prevent a flooded basement. You probably won’t know about leaks until after a heavy rain has happened, so it’s best to invest in a sump pump to prevent leaks.
There are two types of sump pumps: a pedestal and a submersible sump pump. The standard submersible sump pump has 3/4 HP for maximum performance. The standard kit includes an all-in-one box, silencer check valve, boot, pipe, and coupling. A 3/4 HP sump pump is standard for those people who live in areas with high water tables, like Michigan. Homeowners that are within a flood plain and low lying area need a 3/4 HP sump pump. Why might you need a sump pump?
- You might live in an area with a high water table.
- You might have a very deep basement.
- The pipe that leads out of your basement or crawl space is longer than 10 feet.
Occasionally, you might need the 3/4 sump pump’s power for outdoor and exterior basement waterproofing, but in most situations, it is used as part of the standard basement waterproofing and flood solution.
How a Submersible Sump Pump Works
Did you know that more than 60 percent of homes suffer from some sort of below-ground wetness (Source: American Society of Home Inspectors)? A sump pump, whether it is in a basement or a crawl space, stands in a sump pit, also known as a crock. This is a hole in your basement that is about 2 feet deep and approximately 18 to 20 inches wide. The pit is most likely situated in the lowest part of your basement. As the hole fills up with water, float sensors will activate the sump pump to make sure that your basement stays dry.
The check valve is one of the most important parts of your sump pump setup. The check valve stops water from flowing back through the pipe into the pit. Most sump pumps have a float sensor that works just like the float in your toilet tank. The float sensor sits on top of the water in your sump pump pit and activates the sump pump when the water reaches a certain level.
Submersible sump pumps actually will rest in the pit with the water. These pumps are housed in a waterproof casing. The pump is at the bottom of the casing and an outlet pipe is placed near the top of the casing. There is a screen that blocks debris. When the pump is activated by the float sensor, water is pumped out of your home.
Added Security: Sump Pump Monitoring Systems
With a new sump pump installation, it is also smart to consider a sump pump alarm system. A good sump pump alarm includes extra pump sensors, a backup pump, and a battery case. Some sump pump alarms will also notify you if your sump pump is fails with a text message or an email.
Let’s say that the power fails in the instance of a storm. A sump pump alarm will utilize a backup battery to keep your pump running. Additionally, the backup sump pump will activate if your main sump pump fails. In most situations, your backup sump pump will have a smaller amount of horsepower, but has enough power to keep your basement dry for short periods of time.
Sump Pumps and French Drains
When someone has a professional complete a basement waterproofing service call, they often don’t realize that they might get a French drain and a sump pump installation. In the older typical Michigan home, a French drain is installed around the perimeter of a basement. The drain will then be connected to a sump pump pit where the water is channeled directly out of the home via a discharge pipe.
Installing a Sump Pump Correctly
Many older homes with existing sump pump pushes them straight into a sanitary sewer. This is incorrect and all new sump pumps should be routed to a drainage ditch or a storm sewer. Sump pumps that are routed to a sanitary sewer can stress your homes sewer system.
When do you need a sump pump? You should seriously consider a sump pump installation the first minute that you spot any kind of moisture in your basement. If there is a simple leak on your wall from a crack, you might just need polyurethane crack injection or sealing. If you have a significant leak where your foundation wall meets your basement floor, water is more likely to leak in and you will need a sump pump in this situation.
Some Further Advice About Sump Pumps
Sump pumps are only one option to keep your basement dry. During the summer months, you might not need to run your sump pump as often if you also have a dehumidifier installed to handle extra moisture. For crawl spaces, sump pumps will offer you the complete waterproofing solution. It is always a good idea to consider a submersible sump pump over a pedestal sump pump. A submersible sump pump is a good choice because the pit can easily be covered reducing noise and also keeping debris from falling into the pit. Also, a sump pump with a cast iron core is a good choice. It will help decrease the wear and tear on the pump by dissipating heat.